The changing social order and the serious trends in the nature of violence and crime have made every nation to think of designing humane system of administration of justice. In view of ever growing concern and awareness of the general public towards human rights and their protection we have to say good bye to the third degree methods of investigation. This ensures not only the positive role to be played by law enforcement agencies but also involves timely availability of expert evidence from Forensic Scientists so that justice may not be delayed. And thus, for a country like India, a huge human resource of Forensic Scientists is urgently required and the University is the most appropriate place to train the human resources with sound theoretical as well as practical background.
Moreover, the application of Forensic Science is the most appropriate solution to the problem of crime investigation and detection work.
The evidence resulting from Forensic analysis is more effective than the other type of the evidences and hence, may help in greater rate of conviction which unfortunately is every low at present.
While in the Indian context, the state of teaching was not that impressive vis a vis its global counter part, as our University was the only second University to start a full-fledged Post Graduate course in Forensic Science after Dr.H.S.Gaur University, Sagar (M.P.). Whereas in the U.S. alone there are more than 100 Universities imparting courses in Forensic Science is one from or the other at Graduate and Post Graduate level, in India we do not have many. Only a few universities are imparting courses in Criminology and Forensic Science. In this context our university is the first university to start with a Post Graduate course in Forensic Science.
Our Academic Curriculum is designed in such a way that it fits into diversified geographical conditions and our local requirements. That's the reason why our students get adjusted with equal ease in our Forensic institutes/labs. as well as of foreign countries.
Our Faculty is well trained and recognized throughout the world as almost everyone has widely traveled to attend various international conferences, seminars and symposia, and published their research work in reputed referred journals. Some of our faculty members have also worked as visiting professor and visiting scientists in advanced laboratories of the United Kingdom, Germany, Japan and the United States.
Our students are working in various fields of the subject in countries like USA, U.K, Nigeria and Mauritius etc.
POSITION OF THE DEPARTMENT AND UNIVERSITY VIS-A-VIS GLOBAL STATUS
1. Our university is the first in the northern region and second in our country to have started department of Forensic Science and offering Master's and Doctoral programmes in Forensic Science.
2. Our Faculty is well trained and recognized throughout the world as almost every one is widely traveled to attend various international Conferences, Seminars and Symposia and published their research work in reputed referred journals. Some of our faculty members have also worked as visiting professor and visiting scientists in advance laboratories of the United Kingdom, Germany, Japan and the United States.
3. Our students are working in various fields of Forensic Science in different Countries namely USA; UK; Nigeria and Mauritius.
OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE STUDENTS
The major opening for students of our department is no doubt all the Govt. Forensic Science laboratories and institutes where they can be employed as scientists. We can boast proudly that our students are working at high positions as Deputy Directors; Assistant Directors and Senior Scientific Officers in various central and state Forensic Science Laboratories. But with the opening of the economy and globalization process, the scope of the subjects has enhanced many folds. Now the students can be employed in diverse fields as in banking sectors and financial institutions including insurance companies.
Many of our students are successfully running their own consultancy services in various fields of Forensic Science and they appear in the courts of law as expert witness.
And of course, they can pursue their studies further by joining research and teaching in the universities.
Changes made in the courses or programmes
The curricula is continually revised & updated almost every year, depending upon the latest development in the field and keeping in mind need of the hour. Faculty has contributed a lot to these changes by designing new teaching modules, regular seminars/presentation & Lab experiments. One new specialization on Questioned Documents & Finger Prints Examination was added to curriculums.
Enhancement of the learning resources
Department is maintaining a small departmental library and a student computer lab. Faculty of the department has been provided with PCs with internet Connectivity (OFC Link).
Participation of teachers in academic activities and other than teachings and research
Teachers of the department have very frequently delivering lectures at various reputed institutions, namely Punjab Police Academy, Phillaur, Panjab University, Chandigarh, National Institute of Criminology & Forensic Science, Delhi; Govt. Medical College, Patiala & Amity University, Noida (UP).
Collaboration with other departments and institutions at the national and international levels
Department is actively collaborating with central Forensic Science laboratory Chandigarh, Wild life institute of India, Dehradun, GEQD Shimla & State Forensic Science lab., Jaipur, Rajasthan. Seven students have been awarded Ph.D. degrees, one student has submitted Ph.D. thesis and eight students are continuing with their research work. A good number of research publications have been published as a result of collaborative programmes.
Methods of continuous student assessment
Continuous student assessment is being extensively done on the basis of weekly seminars, assignments, monthly internal assessment tests and lecture attendance.
CYBER FORENSIC LAB
The Department is in the process of establishing a CYBER FORENSIC LAB to combat cyber and computer crime.
Placement record of the past students and the contribution of the department to the student's placement
Students of the department have been gainfully placed at central and state Forensic Science laboratories as scientific officers and scientific associates. A large numbers of students have started their own practice as private forensic consultants in the area of Questioned Documents; Finger Print Examination and other areas of Forensic Science. Most of them are doing very well.
The department had organised several
international and national seminars/symposia in the university
including the SAARC workshop in 1995 and recently an International
Symposium on Forensic science was orgabnised in February 2002.
Prof. P K Chattopadhyay the founder member
of the department who recently attained the age of superannuating in
January 2002, chaired a session in the 6th International Meeting of
Forensic Sciences at Zurich in 1975 . He was also invited to chair a
session in Forensic Medicine, Bergen, Norway in 1981, a rare honour for
a non medical scientist. Professor Chattopadhyay has been a Visiting
Professor with the department of Forensic Medicine of various medical
colleges in Japan and Institute fur Rechtsmedicine, Germany.
Dr.P.K.Chattopadhyay had been re-elected a vice president of the Indo
Pacific Association of Law, Medicine and Science for the year 1995-98
and in the recent past a member of the Council of the INPALMS for the
years 1998-2000. Professor P.K.Chattopadhyay is the recipient of the
Best Researcher award of the Indian Academy of the Forensic Medicine
and the Best Teacher and Personality of the decade in Forensic Science
by the Indian Association of Medico-Legal experts in 1998.
Three of the student and staff members of
this department Dr.R.K.Garg, Dr.V.K.Sharma (Now settled in USA) and
Dr.(Mrs.)Gurminder Kaur (Left) won the National Scholorship awarded by
the Govt. of India for post Doctoral studies abroad. Dr. R.K.Garg
completed his post doctoral training from one of the well known
institute of Forensic Science, John Jay college of Criminal Justice,
CUNY, USA (1985-87). Dr.Garg was again invited by John Jay College of
Criminal Justice, City University of New York, USA. and worked there
for two years (1993-95) as a visiting scientist . Dr.Garg went to
Canada in 1998 as a Visiting Scientist.
DR. O.P. Jasuja , Reader and present
chairman of the department was awarded 2nd best paper award in the
Forum on Forensic Science held during 88th Session of the Indian
Science Congress at New Delhi in 2001 He has presented a large number
of research papers in national and international conferences including
in Japan and United States of America.
In 1996, Dr.R.M.Sharma, Reader in the
department got the Best Author award by the Medico-Legal Society of
India for his research paper "UV Spectrophotometric Determination of
Caffeine in popular brands of Soft Drinks".
Ms.Goldie Tandon a research fellow in the
department had been awarded young Scientist Award by International
Association of Forensic Sciences, Japan in 1996.
The Department of Science and Technology,
Govt. Of India awarded Dr Gurinder S. Kler and Dr.Nasir Ahmed Butt of
the department a major research Project under the scheme of young
Scientist in 1996.
Dr.Harmeet Kaur, Research Associate in the
department has recieved the award for "The Best Research paper of the
1997" by the Medico-Legal Society, AIIMS New Delhi.
The first ever doctorate of Philosophy
thesis in the Punjabi medium on the scientific aspect had been
completed by one of the candidate (Dr. Charanjit Singh) from this
The faculty of this department has handled several research projects.
has successfully organized & Conducted
1. One UGC Refresher Course in Forensic Science in session 2002-03.
2. International Symposium on Forensic Science in January 2002.
3. National Workshop on Facial Reconstruction in 2005-06.
Symposium on Cyber Forensic Science & Computer Crimes in
has been recognized by the Fulbright programme administered by United
States educational foundation in India
and Dr.Virginia A.Lynch,
Fulbright scholar, has visited the department for six month.
of the department have participated in the National
Forensic Science Quiz organized by Amity University, UP
07). Students have won laurels by securing Ist and IInd positions.
than 30 students have cleared UGC JRF/NET. The actual number may
be more as this information
those students who have given
Research Publications of the Department
PUBLICATIONS OF THE DEPARTMENT
A.K.; Jasuja, O. P. and Kaur, S. (2007): The
Effect of Water Soaking on Ballpoint Pen Writings
Journal of American Society of questioned Document Examiners Vol.
10, (2), pp 97-100
O.P., Singh G.D. and Sodhi, G.S. (2007): Development of Latent
Fingerprints on Sticky Side of Adhesive Tapes: Phase Transfer Catalyst
Based Formulation. Journal Canadian Society of
Forensic Science vol. 40(1): 1-13
Jasuja, Gagandeep Singh and GS Sodhi (2007): Small Particle
Reagent: A simple and Eco-friendly modification. Journal
of Forensic identification. vol. 57(2): 244-251
Jasuja, Gagan deep Singh and G.S. Sodhi (2006): Development of
Latent fingerprints on compact disc and its effect on subsequent data
recovery. Forensic Science International Volume 156, Issues 2-3,
deep singh, O.P. Jasuja and G.S. Sodhi (2006): Detection of
Latent Fingerprints of Fruit & Vegetable Surfaces, Journal of Forensic Identification.
Sodhi, Jasjeet Kaur, Gagan Deep Singh and
O.P. Jasuja (2006): A Fingerprint Powder Formulation Involving
Brilliant Blue R Dye. Turkish Journal of
Forensic Science Vol. 5 (2): 27-32.
G.S.Sodhi and O.P.Jasuja (2006) : Detection Of Latent Finger
Marks On Fruits And Vegetables Surface: A non Destructive
approach. Fingerprints Whorld. England.
O.P. ; Singh G.D and Divya (2006): Computer aided decipherment
of indented writings: a simple approach. The
Indian Journal of Criminology and Criminalistics. Vol
XXVII No. 2 pp 49-51
M., Vaid, B.A., and Jasuja, O.P., (2005): "Limits of Science,
or the Science of Limits? A Document Expertï¿½s Dilemma," The
Forensic Scientist Online Journal, Vol. 8, , pp.
A.H. Lyter III, O.P. Jasuja, A.K. Singla and M.K. Mand
(2005): Examination of Gel pen Inks using Physical and Thin Layer
Chromatographic examination. Journal of ASQDE
8 (2) : 83-88
Jasuja,O.P. and Singla,A.K.( 2004): Thin layer
chromatography of photocopy toners. Journal of
Forensic identification 54(1):53-63.
Ukpere, M.I. and Singla A.K. (2003): Developing latent
fingerprints: Sandwich method revisited. The
Internet Journal of Prof. Andre Moenssens: http://www.forensic-evidence.com/site/ID/sandwich_method.html Paper translated in Dutch and Bulgarian independently.
Jasuja,O.P. and Singla, A.K. : POROSCOPY (2000): A method of
personal identification revisited. Anil Aggarwalï¿½s
Internet Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology vol
1(1) Translated to Dutch and Bulgarian independently.
R K, Jha M, Jasuja O P, Vasudeva K, and Aggarwal A D, (2005) :
Marvelous Tools of Identificationï¿½Bite Marks. Medico-Legal
Update. Vol.5, No.2.
G.; Jasuja, O.P. and Gorea, R.K.(2005 ) Forensic Examination of
Bite Marks-State of the art. Turkish
Journal of Forensic Science. Vol. 4 (3): 59-66,
and Singh, G.(2004): Estimation of stature from hand and
phalange length. Journal of Indian Academy of
Forensic Medicine . 26(3) PP 100-107
H.; Gorea, R.; Aggarwal, O.P. and Jasuja, O.P.( 2004):
Determination of sex from hair. Journal of Punjab
Academy of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology vol. 4:
Thakkar,M. and Jasuja,O.P.( 2002): Twinsï¿½ hair: A study of
some morphological features. J. of Human Ecology vol.13(5):407-410.
Jasuja,O.P., Lynch, V. and Singh,K.:Forensic Nursing in
India- need of the hour. Journal of Punjab Academy
of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology vol. 2:
and Singh, R.: Thin layer chromatographic analysis of
liquid lipsticks. Journal of Forensic identification 55(1):53-63,2005
A.K., Saini,K. Jasuja,O.P. and Singh,S. (2004): A comparison of
line quality defects attributed to defective writing
instruments and forgery. Handbook of Forensic
Science, Editor Prof Vimala Veera Raghavan;
Selective and Scientific Books, New Delhi, India.
O.P.(2005): Morphological features of human hair: Forensic
significance. Forensic- Anthropology, Science and
Medicine. Editors: Prof Surinder Nath, V.N. Sehgal
and M.K. Bhasin. Kamla raj Enterprises, Delhi. India
23. Sharma, R.M., Singh, M. and Saroa, J.S.,
"Derivative V.V. Spectrophotometric Analysis of Some Commonly
Abused-Over- The-Counter Drugs", JP AFMT, 2005;
5: Pp 8-12.
24. Sharma, R.M., Singh, G, and Saroa, J.S.,
" Characterization of Some Common Black gel Pen Inks by Thin Layer
Chromatography" CBI Bulletin, 2005;
25. Mishra, R.K., Jain, S.K. and Sharma,
RM., "Person Authentication based on Voice in Forensic Context- A
Perspective on Legal Issues" 'An interdisciplinary approach
to Forensic Science' by Scientific Selective Book Publishers
India, 2005, Chapt. 7, Pp62-78.
26. Sharma, RM., Joshi, B., and Saroa,
J.S.," Thin Layer Chromatographic Characterization of Some Common
Liquid Vermilions (Bindis)" The Indian Journal of Criminology
and Criminalistics, 2006; XXVII(1): Pp.
27. Babu, E.S., Kaur, S., Sharma, R.M. and
Kartha, K.P.S., "Sensitization of PETN by Oxalic acid- A DSC study". Sci.
Tech. Energetic Materials, 2006; 67(4):
28. Kaur, S., Saroa, J.S. and Sharma, R.M.,
"Thin layer chromatography of Some Common Carbon Papers", The
Forensic Scientist On line journal, 2006;9:
29. Gupta, N., Saroa, J.S. and Sharma, RM.,
"Thin layer chromatography of Nail Enamels" JFI, 2006;
56(2): Pp 198-209.
30. Mishra, R.K.,
Jain, S.K. and Sharma, R.M., "Effects of Different Recorders on Hindi
Cardinal Vowel Sounds for Speaker Identification and its Forensic Relevance", CBI Bulletin, May
2006; XIV (2-5), Pp.39-50.
31. Sharma, R;
Thakkar, M.K. and Jasuja
O.P., Twins Hair ï¿½ A study of some morphological features, J.
Human Ecology, Delhi, (2002)
13 (5): 407-410.
32. Singh, R;
Thakar, M.K., and Kumar,
L.A., Identification of Nitrites in the Gun shot Residue (GSR) ï¿½
Sensitivity of Greiss and Modified Greiss Reagents: A Comparative
Study, The Indian Journal of Criminology &
Criminalistics, XXIII (3): 223-233 (2002).
33. Singh, R.;
Kaur, J. and Thakar, M.K.,
Detection of argemone oil in the adulterated mustard oil by using
colour tests and Thin Layer chromatography, Anil
aggarwalï¿½s Internet Journal of Forensic
Medicine and Toxicology, (2003); 5(2).
34. Singla, A.K. and Thakar,
the Sequence of Intersecting Ballpoint Pen and Felt ï¿½Tipped Marker
Strokes, Journal of Forensic Identification, 382/
S.K., Singh, C.P. and Thakar, M.K., Extended study of Pitch shifted
Speech by preserving Tempo: An External Study has been published in The
Internet Journal of Forensic Science, 2(1), 2007.
M.A., Chandel, R.S. and Thakar,
M.K., A study on the diatom flora of various
seas of Mauritius proceedings of XVIII All India Forensic
Science Conference 2007, Kolkata.
37. Goyal, P.;
Sahajpal, V.; Singh R.; Goyal S. P. and Thakar M. K. (2005) Electrophoretic
Differentiation of Protected Birds Species based on their Sarcoplasmic
Protein Profiles, Turkish Journal of Forensic Sciences, 4(3): 23-29.
R.; Singh, R. and Thakar, M.K. (2005) Drowning
Associated Diatoms, Indian
Internet Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 3(3).
R.; Singh, R.; Kumar, S. and Thakar, M.K. (2006) Forensic Analysis of Diatoms- A Review. Anil
Aggrawal's Internet Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, 2006; Vol. 7 (2). www.geradts.com/~anil,.
R.; Singh, R. and Thakar, M.K. (2006) Extraction Methods of Diatoms ï¿½ A Review. Indian
Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 4(2).
R.; Singh, R.; Suman, S. and Thakar, M.K. (2006) Thin Layer Chromatographic
analysis of some commonly used poisonous seeds. The Journal of the Indian Society
of Toxicology, 2 (2):33-35
R.; Singh, R.; Singh, R. and Thakar, M.K. (2006) Diatomological studies from
three water bodies of Jaipur. Indian
Internet Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 4(3).
M.K.; Singh, R.; Singh, R.; Shelja and Kumar, A. (2007) Forensic
Analysis of Some Lip
Cosmetics. Journal of Forensic Identification, 57(5),
44. Chandel, R.S.; Thakar, M.K.; Goyal, S.P.
and Sahajpal, V. (2008) Forensic Hair Characterization of Six
Endangered Felid Species of India. Journal of Forensic
45. Saini,K., Saroa, J. and Hundal, G S.
(2007) "Thin layer Chromatography of color inkjet-printer inks". The
Indian journal of Criminology and Criminalistics.l: Jan-April
46. Sodhi,G S, Jasjeet Kaur and Garg, RK
(2002): A fingerprint powder formulation based on congo red dye, Internationl
Journal of Medical Toxicology and Legal Medicine, 5(1 ):
47. Sukhpreet Kaur,Sumandeep and
Garg,RK.(2002): Separation and identification of three commonly used
anesthetic agents (lignocaine, Bupiracaine, Propafol) by Thin Layer
chromatography, Intenational Journal of Medical Toxicology
and Legal medicine 4(2):4-5.
48. Sumandeep and Garg, R K(2002):Detection
of carbamates and their mixtures in Commercial formulations by thin
Layer chromatography (short communication ) , International
Journal of Medical Toxicology and Legal Medicine,5(1)17-19.
49. Garg, R K and
Kuldeep Kaur (2003): Results of detection on the persistence of
insecticides (dimethoate and Phosphamidon) from soil and paper
substrates by thin Layer Chromatography ,Anil Aggarwal's Internet
Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology (online) 4(2):July-December,2003 .
50. Singh Inderjit and Garg R K(2004)
Finger Dermatoglyphics :A study of the Rajputs of Himachal Pradesh, The
Anthropologist, 6(2):155ï¿½156 ..
51. Gupta Abhishek, Garg, R K, Arvinder
singh, Parveen P.Balgir (2004): Phenol free organic solvent extraction
method for isolation of genomic DNA from blood stains,
International journal of Medical Toxicology and legal
52. Sharma Meenakshi,Garg,RK and Navjot Kaur
(2003): Studies on the examination of age of the blood stains by
spectrophotometric method, International Journal of Medical
toxicology and legal Medicine,6(2):10-13 AIIMS New Delhi.
53. Sodhi G S, Jasjeet Kaur and Garg R K
and Lawrence Kobilinsky (2003): A
fingerprint powder formulation based on Rhodamine B dye, Journal
of Forensic Identification, 53(5) :551-555,DSA.
54. Singla Vandana, Navjot Kaur and Garg, R
K (2003): ABO(R) and EsD Typing from blood stains exposed to smoke: A
short Communication, Journal of Forensic Medicine and
Toxicology, 21 (1): 42-43.AIIMS, New Delhi.
55. Sehajpal Vivek and Garg, R K (2002):
Thin Layer Chromatography of Black shoe polish stains on fabric, Journal
of Forensic Identification, 56(3):339-344 USA.
56. Singh Inderjit,Chattopadhyay PK and Garg
R K(2005) Determination of the hand from s ingle digit fingerprint: A
study of whorls, Forensic science International,
57. Sodhi G S, Jasjeet kaur and Garg
RK(2002)A fingerprint powder formulation based on basic fuschin dye, Journal
of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, 21 (1):8-9.AIIMS,New
58. Sodhi G S,Jasjeet Kaur and Garg RK
(2003):A fingerprint powder formulation based on Azure 1 dye ,Indian
Journal of Criminology, 31 (1&2)January-July, 4-5
59. Garg R K (2002): The effect of washing
to the results of ABO (H) blood group determination in bloodstain, International
Journal of Medical Toxicology and Legal medicine, 4(2):16-19.AllMS.
60. Sodhi G S, Jasjeet Kaur and Garg R K
(2004): Fingerprint powder formulations based on organic fluorescent
Dyes, Journal of Forensic Identification,
61. Pillyal Seema and Garg R K (2005):
Forensic examination of Shampoo residues in human head hair, Journal
of Forensic Identification, 55(2): 196. USA.
62. Saroa J S,Sodhi GS and Garg RK (2006)
:Evaluation of fingerprint powders Journal of Forensic
Identification, 56(2); 186
63. Kaur Ramneet and Garg RK (2006):
Determination of gender from fingerprints based on the number of ridges
in a defined area, Fingerprint world,
64. Gupta Abhishek, Neeti Gupta and Garg RK
(2006): Criminal behavior and Genetics: A review, The Indian
Journal of Criminology and criminalistics, 28(2):58-64.
65. Shahin A Hunnargi, Ritesh G.Menezes
,Tanuj Kanchan,Stany W.Lobo,V S Binu,Selma Uysal,Haresh R S Kumar,
Prakash Baral,NG Herekar ,Garg RK (2007): Sexual dimorphism of the
human sternum in a Maharashtrian Population of India :A morphometric
analysis, Legal Medicine, 1 0 :6-10.
66. Moudgil R, Ramneet Kaur,Ritesh
G.Menezes,Tanuj Kanchan,andGarg R K.(2007); Foot index :Is it a tool
for sex determination, Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, 15: 223ï¿½226.
67. Garg,R K(2003): Latent fingerprints in
Forensic Science, Selective and Scientific Books Publisher ,New
Delhi,(Ed.V.Veeraraghavan),Chapter No.7 pages 77-885.
68. Kanwal NK, Janjua PK, Nath Surinder,
Garg R K.(2005):A Preliminary study on sexual dimorphism from Tooth
measurements, An interdisciplinary approach to Forensic Science
(Ed.P.K.Janjua):Selective and Scientific Publisher Books,
New Delhi, Chapter 4, pages 34-38.
69. Janjua P K, N K Kanwal, RK Garg and
Surinder Nath. (2005): A study on the distribution of fingerprints
Characteristics and determination of sex of individual (Ed.PK Janjua): Selective
and Scientific Publisher and Books, New Delhi, Chapter-8,
70. Garg RK (2005): An Investigation on the
studies ofP-30 from seminal stains, (Ed.PK Janjua): Selective
and scientific Publishers, New Delhi, Chapter-14,pages
71. Janjua P K, N K Kanwal, RK Garg and
Surinder Nath. (2005);History and Development of Fingerprints
identification system : A review (Ed. Ramesh Chandra); Forensic science and Crime Investigation, Abhijeet'
Publications, Delhi, Chapter-15,pages 107-124.
Name: Prof. R.K. Garg
Department of Forensic Science
Punjabi University, Patiala,Punjab.