Definition of Sexual Harassment
Sexual harassment is a form of violence
against women and a human rights violation. It is a violation of fundamental
rights as laid down in the Indian Constitution. Such behavior transgresses
common dignity and gender equality and denies equal opportunity. Sexual
harassment creates an intimidating, hostile, offensive and therefore stressful
Sexual harassment takes many forms. The most important principle is that it is against the consent of the person and is experienced by the person concerned as violence. Acts of sexual harassment can be by an employer or teacher or student who is in relationship of authority.
The definition of sexual harassment in the Act of 2013 stipulates that a woman shall not be subjected to sexual harassment at any workplace. As per the statute, presence or occurrence of circumstances of implied or explicit promise of preferential treatment in employment; treatment about present or future employment; interference with work or creating an intimidating or offensive or hostile work environment or humiliating treatment likely to affect the woman employee’s health or safety may all amount to sexual harassment. It includes any one or many of the following acts:
1. Any unwelcome sexually determined behavior (Physical, verbal or any other form) which violates a women's dignity and interferes with her ability to operate freely at work
2. Physical contacts and advances.
3. Sexually colored remarks
4. A demand or request for sexual favors.
5. Obnoxious Telephone calls.
6. Displaying pornographic, offensive or derogatory pictures, cartoons, pamphlets etc.