The Department of Human Genetics earlier known as the Department of Human Biology was established in 1970 under the leadership of Professor L.S. Sidhu and Professor I.J.S. Bansal. A UGC-funded research centre in Physical Education and Sports was set up in 1973 which became an independent Department of Sports Sciences in 1989. A Human Antigen Research Programme was initiated in 1975 under the guidance of Prof. P.K. Shrivastava and an animal house was built in a separate building. In this programme, studies were conducted on different populations and two novel antigens, DD from dandruff and LH from serum were identified. Major and minor research projects were granted to the department by various agencies such as UGC, ICMR, CSIR, DOE, DST etc. The Department has a rich history of providing supervision for M.D., M.Sc. and a comprehensive doctoral research programme in the fields of immunogenetics, human population genetics, biochemical genetics, cytogenetics, molecular genetics and human growth and development. Till date, 110 Ph.D. degrees have been awarded.
The Department was identified for financial support by DST under FIST programme in 2009 and by UGC under special assistance programme (SAP) in 2011. With this financial support, the department has further strengthened teaching and research by setting up two centralized research laboratories which house major equipments including Fluorescent microscope, PCR machines, Gel documentation system, Biochemistry analyzer, ELISA plate reader, Deep freezer etc. and a computer lab with internet facility.